You’re a writer, so you must be (better be) a reader, first and foremost. How often do you succumb to a late night reading marathon and regret it the next morning when you have to drag your weary bones out of bed and face the day? Chances are, the author of a book that keeps you turning pages into the wee hours of the morning has mastered the art of chapter/scene endings.
I learned a bit about this from my good friend and writing buddy, Judy. She’s written a medical thriller and I write literary fiction. During one of our critique sessions, she told me there was nothing at the end of the chapter that made her want to read on. I had pretty well wrapped up an event without any inducement to the reader to want to know more. I countered that literary fiction is different from genre fiction, but as I thought about it, I had to refute my own argument. True, the conflict might be internal rather than action-oriented, but it’s still critical to leave the scene and/or the protagonist hanging off the proverbial cliff.
You can achieve this in a number of ways, but here are a few that I have found helpful.
- Interrupt the action: avoid allowing a scene to come to a logical conclusion. Set up the narrative so that the reader knows something important is about to happen, but leave her dangling. Here’s an example from “Winter is Past” in which Claire has to make a phone call that she dreads facing:
I punched in the numbers and held my hand on my chest as though to slow down my racing heart. Maybe she won’t be home, I hoped. She answered on the second ring.
By leaving the call incomplete, I invited the reader into the next scene. If I had continued through to its conclusion, that would allow her to close the book, turn off the light and go to sleep–maybe never to return.
- Close the scene with a question. I find this works well in literary fiction where, as you know, the protagonist is plowing her way through a series of internal conflicts. Let’s look at another example from “Winter is Past.” Claire’s mother is on the verge of disclosing a family secret:
“I’ll do better now, I promise. It’s just that . . .” she fell back into silence. “Oh, never mind. It’s not important right now—we’ll talk another time.”
When? I wondered. And about what?
- Complete the chapter scene with a promise. In this example, one of the characters is withholding information from another:
The dogs nabbed milk bones from the floor as I released control and eased into my husband’s embrace. “What do you have planned?”
“I’ll tell you in the morning. Just get a good night’s rest, okay? Come on, dogs; last call to go outside.”
- Interrupt a scene in the middle of an unresolved emotional climax. Raise the question, What is she going to do about it?
By the time I met Josh downstairs, that dull ache had returned to the back of my head. I faked a smile that made me feel like a clown hidden behind makeup. “Let’s go,” I said, trying to squash the emotions still raging inside.
By way of a writing exercise, browse the work of your favorite authors and just take a glimpse at the chapter endings. What techniques have they used to keep you moving through the book? Now, look at one of your own manuscripts and see if there’s anything you can apply to your work to keep the reader turning the page.
Well done …
I will add this to my book of collections on how to accomplish better writing.
This is outstanding information. Good job, as always, Victoria. ~~~~ : – )
thanks for the wonderful suggestions.
Very good information here. I hadn’t thought of these ideas before. Leave them wanting more–of course!
This is excellent prompting, Victoria! Thank you. It might even make me curious enough to delve into my neglected manuscript.
I’ve been on a reading spree since I got my Kindle. This season of my life gives me little opportunity for browsing in a bookstore. Shipping charges, along with the price of paper books, discouraged me from browsing online. Now, with my Kindle in hand, I can browse, buy with one click, skip shipping charges, have the book on my Kindle in 30 seconds, and purchase at the slightly reduced electronic prices. I’ve gone HOG WILD! I barely have time for my hubby or my blog. (Confession time.) Blessing to you…
Go for it, Carol Ann.
I’m also a Kindle addict. Beware the late night, half asleep purchases though. It’s so convenient for reading in bed and buying…talk about instant gratification! Smiles.
way to go.
I am adding you to poets rally official list, no need to post or anything, but being on the list …
love your talent, keep shining.
Thanks, Ji. I haven’t posted in the rally lately but will try. It was my first contact with poetry communities and literally changed my life and made me a compulsive blogger. :0)
Be happy, my friend.
More great educational material. I doubt I will ever climb to the lofty heights of a writer of novels, but it also will work for shorter pieces?
Oh, yes, Tino. Have you thought of those shorter pieces as chapters…maybe someday morphing into that novel or memoir? Shorter pieces, I think, even make a greater demand on talent to draw in the reader.
Many thanks, Victoria. It is so good of you to share this knowledge.
Now this is great—an article you take notes on…well done…